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Laurentian Regional High School

Library - Research

The Eight Steps of  the Research Process

 1) Getting Started

  •  Read your assignment carefully. Be sure that you understand the assignment.

 2) Choosing  Your Topic

  •  Identify your topic clearly.
  • Identify the main concepts or keywords of your topic.
  • Don't be afraid to use a dictionary to clarify specific words/terms and an encyclopedia to give you an overview of your topic.

3) Gathering Information

 Questions to ask yourself???

  • What type(s) of resources are you expected to use? ( ie. books, encyclopedias, magazines, internet, CD-ROMs, newspapers)
  • Is there a specific number of sources required for your assignment? (eg. two book references, two encyclopedia articles, one magazine article, two internet references)

 Finding your Resources

Encyclopedias -

The Library has a number of print encyclopedias in our Reference Collection. To access online encyclopedias click here.

Books -

 Use REGARD to search our library collection.

Magazines -

 LRHS Library Resource Centre subscribes to a number of magazines. To access online magazines/newspapers, a good place to start is the LRHS Library Resource Centre's web page . Click here

CD-ROMS -

The Library has one computer available with CD-ROM access.

Internet -

Before you use Internet be sure you have a clear idea of what your topic is.

Scroll down for tips on evaluating websites.  

4) Evaluate Your Information

Critically review the information gathered. Check sources for reliability, credibility, perspective and purpose.  

5) Take Notes

A. Develop an outline.

B.  Write relevant information in point form.

C. Note all sources (including web page addresses) for your bibliography.

D. Do not  plagiarize.  

6) Organize Your Information

A. Write a rough draft using your outline.  

7) Revise Draft Copy

 If time allows put your project aside for a day.  Reread your rough copy with a fresh eye.  Check organization and content.  Review the initial assignment to see that you have fulfilled the requirements.   Check for plagiarism.  

8) Write Final Copy

A.   Proofread carefully.

B.   Check for grammar errors.

C.  Rewrite if necessary.  

Research Tips

A.   Don't wait until the last minute to start your research.

B.   Be sure to check out all types of sources for information.

C.  Write down your sources of information for your bibliography to prevent extra work when you have finished your research.

Feel free to ask Ms Bryan any questions regarding your research paper!

Thinking Critically about Internet Resources

Content & Evaluation

  • Who is the audience?
  • What is the purpose of the Web Page & what does it contain?
  • How complete and accurate are the information and the links provided?
  • What is the relative value of the Web site in comparison to the range of information resources available on this topic? (Note: Be sure to check with the librarian.)
    • What other resources (print & non-print) are available in this area?
    • What are the date(s) of coverage of the site and site-specific documents?
    • How comprehensive is this site?
      • Are the links relevant and appropriate for the site?
      • Is multimedia appropriately incorporated?
  • How valuable is the information provided in the Web Page?

Source & Date

  • Who is the author or producer?
  • What is the authority or expertise of the individual or group that created this site?
    • How knowledgeable is the individual or group on the subject matter of the site?
    • Is the site sponsored or co-sponsored by an individual or group that has created other Web sites?
  • Is any sort of bias evident?
  • When was the Web item produced?
  • When was the Web item mounted?
  • When was the Web item last revised?
  • How up to date are the links?
  • How reliable are the links; are there blind links, or references to sites which have moved?
  • Is contact information for the author or producer included in the document?

Structure

  • Does the document follow good graphic design principles?
  • Do the graphics and art serve a function or are they decorative?
  • Do the icons clearly represent what is intended?
  • Does the text follow basic rules of grammar, spelling and literary composition?
  • How usable is the site? Can visitors get the information they need within a reasonable number of links (preferably 3 or fewer clicks)?

 

Word of the Day: POOH-POOH
Definition: (verb) Reject with contempt.

Synonyms: freeze off, spurn, disdain, scorn, turn down.

Usage: Rose was troubled with nausea, but Martin pooh-poohed, as childish, the notion of dropping some of her responsibilities.